Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the world’s first coronavirus vaccinations drive in India on 17th January. Several of them have already got the vaccination but, many are fearing to get the shots due to several doubts and questions about the post-COVID-19 vaccination.

So let us discuss the effects and precautions to take after receiving COVID-19 vaccine.

Adverse effects post-vaccination

After the first doses, one will be taken to the observation room at the centre followed by general parameters check-up for 30 minutes for any potential side effects after vaccination (AEFI).

Adverse effects after immunisation

  • Minor AEFI – Normal reactions such as injection area swelling, fever, irritation, tiredness, dizziness, fatigue and nausea.
  • Severe AEFI – High fever (>120 degrees F), anaphylaxis ( allergic reaction) are likely to be debilitating and life-threatening.
  • Serious AEFI – It entails a reaction that induces disability that needs hospitalisation.

What are the predicted adverse reactions to “COVEXIN”?

Bharat Biotech, the manufacturer of COVAXIN said that in phase 1 and 2 of the trials, no significant detrimental effects were seen.

But, the prevalent symptom was stomach pain, dizziness, exhaustion, sweating, fever, cold, headache, cough, muscle ache, nausea after assessing “COVAXIN” as per the centre’s fact sheet at the injection site discomfort.

Adverse events predicted for “Covishield”

Below are the signs of adverse effects that can arise following immunisation:

Headache, tiredness, discomfort at the injection site, chills, nausea, pyrexia, myalgia, and tenderness. Paracetamol can be given in such situations.

Extremely unusual demyelinating cases have been recorded after “Covishield” vaccination without any of the casual relationship establishment.

If there are any adverse effects at the vaccine site, what precautions are taken?

Both site vaccinators and supervisors will be qualified to provide all AEFIs with primary care.

Serious AEFI situations should be transferred directly to the closest identified AEFI management centre or health facility and, if possible, notified to the relevant authority.

Can anyone suffer post-vaccination side-effects?

Few mild side-effects are normal to experience. The centre said that 580 receivers across India experienced AEFI in the first three days of the COVID-19 vaccination campaign, while seven hospitalizations were required.

Basic protections

While the Centre has not issued post-vaccination precautionary recommendations, but even after vaccinated, one has to wear the mask, wash hands/sanitise and maintain hygiene.

What if, after a few days of vaccination, one develops adverse effects?

In such a scenario, you would have to contact your vaccine site immediately.  The support line COVID-19 is 1075 to be called if any emergency or any doubts arises before or after vaccination.

How many doses one have to take? 

To complete the vaccination, a person would have to take two doses of vaccine, 28 days later.

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